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Scotland Tours from Edinburgh, Glasgow, Inverness and London

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Official Sightseeing Tours from Edinburgh, Glasgow, Inverness and London

THE GEOGRAPHY OF SCOTLAND

Scotland forms the northern half of Great Britain. Rugged uplands separate it from England to the south. Within this border territory north of England the Scots fought many battles to keep their independence. In 1707 Scotland joined with England, and the entire island became a single kingdom, Great Britain. The Scots, however, remain a distinct and proud people, and they have a long history different from that of England.

Scotland has long been characterised as a land of romance. It contains ruins of many ancient castles and abbeys, and there is a haunting beauty in its windswept mountains, long deep valleys, and ribbon lakes. It attracts many tourists, particularly from the United States, Europe and England.


The coast of Scotland is deeply pierced by inlets from the sea. The larger inlets are called firths. Long, narrow inlets are called sea lochs. On the rugged west coast the sea lochs are framed by great cliffs and resemble the fjords of Norway.

Numerous islands line the coast. In the north are two large groups, the Orkney Islands and the Shetland Islands. Close to the west coast are the Inner and Outer Hebrides groups, and the islands of Arran and Bute.

The land may be divided into three regions: the Highlands in the north, the Central Lowlands and the Southern Uplands.

The Highlands are wild and picturesque. Their rocky, barren summits were chiseled by Ice Age glaciers and the rainfall of many centuries. Purple heather clothes the lower slopes in late summer. The valleys are usually steep-sided glens, with a long, narrow loch at the bottom. A long valley called Glenmore crosses the Highlands from southwest to northeast. The Caledonian Canal links this valley's lochs to form a waterway from the Firth of Lorne to Moray Firth.

South of the Highlands are the Grampian Mountains, highest in the British Isles. Ben Nevis, the tallest peak, rises to 4,406 feet (1,343 metres). Ben Lomond, at 3,192 feet (973 metres), rises from the shore of Loch Lomond, Scotland's largest freshwater loch.

The Central Lowlands run from southwest to northeast, and the greatest length is nearly 90 miles (145 kilometres). They are only 30 miles (48 kilometres) across the narrow waist of Scotland--from the head of the Firth of Clyde in the west to the Firth of Forth in the east. These firths provide valuable outlets to the sea but in the past constricted communications from north to south into the waist. The soil is fertile, and four coalfields underlie the area. Here is Scotland's chief farming district and also its largest cities. In the east is Edinburgh, Scotland's historic capital. In the west is Glasgow, hub of a great metropolitan area. Almost 90 percent of Scotland's population live in the Lowlands.

In the Southern Uplands the hills are generally less than 2,000 feet (600 metres) high. Their rounded or flat tops are often capped with dark peat. The slopes are covered with grass as well as heather. Along this border England and Scotland meet. In the west the boundary runs from the Solway Firth across the crest of the Cheviot Hills. In the east it follows the River Tweed almost to its mouth. The Tweed Valley is the chief gateway into England.


Scotland's Top Destinations


3 GREAT WAYS TO DISCOVER LOCH NESS & THE HIGHLANDS FROM ONLY £35 pp!

1. Loch Ness, Glen Coe & Inverness

Urquart Castle on Loch Ness

Multi-lingual tour from £45

2. Loch Ness and the Highlands

Loch Ness

Smaller group size from £41

3. The Original Loch Ness Tour

Loch Ness Tour

Our best value only £35






Quality Sightseeing since 1907

For over 100 years we've been making touring Scotland a quality experience for visitors from all over the World. Over the years our Scottish tours have been chosen by many thousands of travellers who want to tour Scotland in comfort and style.

Scottish Tours has a long and distinguished pedigree and we are proud to include the famed names of Scottish Motor Traction, Scottish Omnibuses and Eastern Scottish as part of our heritage. For more information on our history click here

Today we continue to offer our clients the highest standards of service and the very best value. You can tour Scotland with Scottish Tours confident in the knowledge that no one has more experience.

Tour Scotland with Scottish Tours. Discover the highlights of Scotland on a tour to Loch Ness, The Scottish Highlands, Skye and Loch Lomond.

Book your hotel in the Scottish Highlands


Scotland by Train

For a different Scotland tour experience check out our exciting range of Scottish train Tours. Speed comfortably from London by Express train to visit our great cities of Edinburgh or Glasgow. Then tour Scotland by luxury coach to visit Inverness, the Isle of Skye or even Scotland's Far North Coast! All in one convenient package.

Scotland and Ireland tours
Our enhanced selection of Scotland and Ireland tours. Explore all that is best about these close neighbours on one great tour!

Much of Scotland can be explored on a comfortable tour from Edinburgh or Glasgow. And there is only one way to see Scotland - with Scottish Tours.